French fowl
Alsace (Poule d') - Aquitaine - Ardennaise Sans-queue des Ardennes - Barbezieux - Bourbonnaise - Bourbourg - Bresse-Gauloise - Caumont - Caussade - Charollaise - Combattant du Nord (Grand) Combattant du Nord (Petit) - Contres - Cotentine - Coucou des Flandres - Coucou de France - Coucou de Rennes - Cou-nu du Forez - Courtes-Pattes - Crèvecoeur - Estaires - Faverolles claire et Faverolles foncée - Gasconne - Gâtinaise - Gauloise dorée - Géline de Touraine - Gournay - Hergnies - Houdan - Janzé - Javanaise - La Flèche - Landaise - Le Mans - Le Merlerault - Meusienne - Limousine (coq de pêche) - Lyonnaise - Mantes - Marans - Noire du Berry - Noire de Challans - Pictave


The following excerpts are quoted from the Books about the Farm Yard



  Alsace (Alsatian hen):
black, white, laced-blue, gold-salmon.
This breed was created in Alsace around 1890, but has existed for a long time in the area. It is very similar to its German neighbour : the Rhenish hen (or Rheinländer). It is one of the few French breeds not to have been crossbred with Asiatic breeds. It is raised for its flesh and eggs.
Cock : 2 to 3 kg : hen : 2 to 2.5 kg.
It also exists as bantam.
Address : Poule et Oie d'Alsace Club,


  Aquitaine :
black.
Rather recent race, selected from Australorp. Good sized fowl (cock : 4 to 4.5 kg ; hen : 3.5 to 4 kg), sturdy, light and jaunty appearance , plumage with no fluff. Appears to be extinct.

Adress :



 
Ardennaise
et Sans-queue des Ardennes :

gold-salmon, gold-salmon blue, silver-salmon, black, black with gold or silver neck hackle with laced (or not)breast, black-gold, black-silver.
Origin : Ardennes. The breed is more Belgian than French. Moderately large fowl (cock : from 1.75 to 2.5 kg ; hen : 1.5 to 1.75 kg) with the characteristics of the country hen of old. Proud bearing, lively, slim, it has stayed rather wild. Of longuish shape. The cock has a very developed panache. It also exists in bantam.
Address :
Conservatoire de l’Ardennaise, Jean Pierre Mathias, rue Vaux, 52250 Baissey, France.


  Barbezieux :
black.
Native in the Barbezieux area of the Charente region, the Barbezieux is a strong bird (cock : 4.5 kg or more, hen : 3.5 kg or more), proud, powerful, conceited attitudes but harmonious shape.One should select the biggest animals with white ear-lobes. Excellent meat.
Address :
Association pour la sauvegarde de la poule de Barbezieux, Chambre d'agriculture, 37 rue de Barbezieux, 16210 Chalais, France.


  Bourbonnaise :
light.
Native of the Allier (Bourbonnais). Light heavyweight breed (Cock : 3.5 kg ; hen : 2.5 kg), rather high on feet, elegant in spite of its size, oblique back and prominent thighs ; very rustic fowl with excellent meat ; a good brood hen which does a good job of rearing.
Address :
Bourbonnais Club, Lucien ROY, Les Combes, 03400 YZEURE, France. 04 70 44 04 67.


  Bourbourg :
light.
It originates from the Bourbourg area of the North of France. Typical farm fowl, it is bred for two reasons : eggs and meat. It is elegant and light and has a rather elegant appearance despite its weight (Cock : 3 to 4 kg ; hen : 2.5 to 3 kg) , rather low position, with feathered feet.
Address :
  • Bourbourg-Hergnies club de France, Edmond CHRASTEK, 70 avenue de la Libération, 62940 HAILLICOURT


  •   Bresse-Gauloise :
    black, white, blue, grey.
    This fowl traces its origins to the Bresse region. It should be made clear that this designation (Bresse) only applies to a particular geographical zone, the area of Bresse, which is defined and protected by legal provisions. Outside this zone, this hen is referred to as Gauloise. Reputed for its flesh, it is known not only as "the queen of fowls" but also as "the fowl of kings" because it used to be offered to kings and to newly-elected presidents of the French Republic. It is also a good egg-layer.
    Cock : 2.5 to 3 kg ; hen : 2 to 2.5 kg.
    Address : Bresse-Gauloise Club, Thomassin Denis, Les Mirabelliers, rue Saint Germain, 54115 Battigny, France.


      Caumont :
    black.
    Origin : Caumont l'Eventé (Calvados) in Lower Normandy. Rather stout fowl (Cock minimum 3 kg ; hen minimum 2.5 kg), proud and slim ; cylindrical body, raised tail. Comb in tumbler or crown followed by a small crest.
    Addresses :
  • C E P B C N = Conservatoire pour l'Elevage et la Préservation de la Basse Cour Normande
    Jean Marie DE LAUNAY - normandy@club-internet.fr
  • Conservatoire des races Normandes et du Maine, Pierre Le Maître , route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France.

      Caussade :
    black.
    Bears the name of the city of Caussade in Tarn-et-Garonne. A fowl of small size (Cock from 1.5 to 2 kg ; hen 1.5 kg), it is rustic, alert and loves freedom. It is of lively and elegant step, it is fine-boned, fine meat.
    Adress :



      Charollaise :
    white.
    Origin : The Charolles area in Saône et Loire. A medium-sized fowl (Cock 3.5 kg ; hen 2.5 kg), with strong breast, with horizontal and long back line, prominent thighs with no fluff, medium tail, rose comb.
    Addresses :
  • Jean-François Baudron, Bierre, 71120 Vendenesse les Charolles, France.
  • Alloin Marie, Les Justices, 71170 Chassigny sous Dun, France.

      Combattant du Nord (Northern Fighter) :
    many colours.
    This breed originates from the departments of the North and Pas-de-Calais where cockfights are still authorized. These fights are very popular and involve betting which can sometimes attain very high stakes. The Combs and wattles of cocks are cut for the fighting. Since these cocks are aggressive,they have to be bred separately.
    Cock : 4 to 5 kg ; hen : 2.5 to 4 kg.
    It also exists in Bantam and small varieties.
    Address : Club Français du Combattant du Nord, Jean-Louis Hoyez, 5 rue du Bois, 62620 Maisnil les Ruitz, France.


      Contres :
    light.
    Bears the name of Contres, a market town of Loir et Cher. Typical farm fowl of graceful proportions, drawn up without being too high on its legs, lively and proud walk, it has all the qualities of a farm hen raised for meat and eggs. Was recently reconstituted . Cock : about 3 kg ; hen 2.25 kg
    Address : Jacques Berger , 33 rue Porte Balai, 45170 Villereau, France.



      Cotentine :
    black.
    Origin :
    Peninsula of Cotentin and Normandy. It is bred both for meat and laying. Farm type of medium size (Cock from 3 to 3.5 kg ; hen from 2 to 2.5 kg), elegant and proud.
    Addresses :
  • Conservatoire des races avicoles de Normandie et du Maine, Pierre Le Maître , route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France
  • C E P B C N = Conservatoire pour l'Elevage et la Préservation de la Basse Cour Normande
    Jean Marie DE LAUNAY - normandy@club-internet.fr


  •   Coucou des Flandres
    (Flanders Cuckoo) :
    cuckoo.
    Origin : region North - Picardy and Belgian Flanders. Second half of the 19th century. Stocky poultry, of medium size (Cock from 2.5 to 3 kg ; hen : 2 to 2.5 kg), well-built and not too high on legs, with simple comb, red wattles and smooth tarsi. Hardy fowl well-adapted to the climate of Flanders. Starts laying at an early age. The hen is an excellent mother and the chicks have a rather fast growth and can be sexed at 3 weeks : young cockerels are clearer than young hens who are almost black. Good producer of fine white meat.
    Address : Club des Coucous de Flandres et de Picardie, Claude Dacheville, 239 chemin du Bois, 62350 Mont-Bernenchon, France.


      Coucou de France (French Cuckoo) :
    cuckoo.
    Origin : France, in two particular "departments" (areas) : the Sarthe and the Orne. Light poultry (Cock : 2 kg ; hen : 1.5 kg), but sturdy with fine skeleton. Yet, it has well-developed muscles. It has fine and very white meat ; rose comb.
    Addresse :

      Coucou de Rennes :
    cuckoo.
    Selected by doctor Ramé in the Rennes region at the beginning of the 20th century. The standard set out by doctor Ramé specifies that cocks and hens are both of the same shade (dark cuckoo) , though genetically the cock is often clearer. Having almost disappeared a few years ago, this breed is developing once again .
    Cock : 3.5 kg ; hen : 3 kg.
    Addresses :
  • ANEVRB, Patrice Silvère, Les Couettes, 35310 Cintré, France.


      Cou-nu du Forez (Forez Naked Neck) :
    white.
    The region of Forez (Loire) is the birthplace of this fowl. The standard is fairly recent. The Cou-Nu hens are reputed for being hardy. Its neck is completely bare with the exception of a tuft of feathers in the middle, set apart from the rest.
    Cock : 3 to 3.5 kg ; hen : 2.3 to 2.8 kg.
    Adress : Club du Cou-nu du Forez, Guy Massacrier, Le Rampé, 42600 Chalain d'Uzore


      Courtes-Pattes :
    white, black, cuckoo...
    Origin : Old farm hen in the regions of Western France (and northwestern Germany). Fowl with good long horizontal body ; very short legs ; thick, long plumage . Of trusty temperament. Cock : 1.75 to 2.25 kg ; hen : 1.5 to 2 kg.
    Address : Conservatoire des races avicoles normandes et du Maine, Le Maître Pierre, route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France.




      Crèvecoeur :
    black, white, cuckoo, blue.
    This is one of the oldest French breeds, named after its village of origin in Normandy. At the beginning of the century, it was probably the most frequently raised French breed, because it was held in high regard for its meat. After nearly disappearing, it has once again returned to breeders' farms. At present, unfortunately, it is regarded mainly as an ornamental fowl, since the remaining birds are a poor genetic selection from the original ; the Crèvecoeur has yet to regain the production qualities it had in the past.
    Cock : minimum 3 kg ; hen : minimum 2,5 kg.
    Also available in bantam.
    Addresses :
  • C E P B C N = Conservatoire pour l'Elevage et la Préservation de la Basse Cour Normande
    Jean Marie DE LAUNAY - normandy@club-internet.fr
  • Conservatoire des Races Normandes et du Maine, Le Maître Pierre, route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France.




      Estaires :
    black, black with gold-coloured neck hackle, black with silvery neck hackle.
    Origin : near the village of Estaires in the North - Pas de Calais region. Strong fowl (Cock from 3.5 to 5 kg ; hen from 2.5 to 3.5 kg), rather low on legs. Slightly feathered feet.
    Address : Palgalli Estaires Club, Bernard Dedours, 7 rue du Bacquet, 62620 Maisnil les Ruitz, France.

      (Clear) Faverolles :
    salmon, cuckoo.
    It comes from the village of Faverolles (Eure-et-Loir). The product of crossbreeding of farm hens with Brahma, Houdan, Dorking, Cochin and Langshan. At the beginning of the 20th century, it had no standard. The breeders' main concern was to produce a first class table fowl for the markets of the nearby capital.
    Cock : 3.5 to 4 kg ; hen : 2.8 to 3.5 kg. Powerful body, wide, deep, not too long ; owlish head, well-developed beard lightly feathered tarsi, five toes ; the whole gives an impression of stately power, with no trace of heaviness. It is red and selected for its fine meat, early laying, as well as for the beauty of its distinctive plumage.
    Address : HFCF, Wolff Aurélien, 28 rue de la Croisette, 54720 Chénières, France.

      German Faverolles
    (Dark Faverolles) :
    dark salmon, white, black, ermine.
    With its origins in Faverolles (Eure-et-Loir, France), the Dark Faverolles is a product of selection in Germany for darker colour as well as for a more oblong body. A voluminous bird with a wide and deep body, owlish head. It has a well- developed beard, lightly feathered feet, five well-separated toes, very familiar in character.
    It also exist in bantam
    Cock : 3.5 to 4 kg ; hen : 2.8 to 3.5 kg.
    Address : Houdan-Faverolles Club de France, Wolff Aurélien, 28 rue de la Croisette, 54720 Chénières, France.

      Favoris :
    (not still approved) : buff
    Result of a crossbreeding of Faverolles and Orpington.

      Gasconne :
    black.
    Origin : Valley of the Garonne in Southwestern France.
    Cock : 2.5 to 3 kg ; hen : 1.8 to 2.3 kg. It also exists in bantam. It is bred both for laying and meat. It is medium-sized with fairly rounded outlines. It is slim, proud and elegant. It is hardy and develops early ; fine-boned, looks like the Black Bresse Gauloise but the earlobes are red and it is of larger size. The preservation and the improvement of the original type should be sought as well as that of its productivity.
    Adress :

      Gâtinaise :
    white.
    Native of the Gâtinais region, between Montargis and Sens, Seine-et-Marne and Loiret.
    Cock : 3.5 to 4 kg ; hen : 2.5 to 3 kg. It also exists in bantam. White-plumed fowl has existed from far-off days in these regions, a standard has therefore been established to define these white fowl. The Gâtinaise is a dual-purpose fowl : eggs and meat.
    Address : Gâtinais Club, Thierry DUCHEMIN, 14 chemin des Egreffins, 91890 Videlles, France.


      Gauloise dorée :
    gold-salmon.
    The oldest French farm-typed breed. This breed is featured as the "coq gaulois" (the French cockerel), which is the emblem of the French fighting spirit. It is also the French breed coming nearest the wild "coq Doré" (golden cockerel)which is considered to be the ancestor of all our domestic breeds. It nearly disappeared after World War 2 but it is now making a comeback thanks to the efforts of breeders. Cock : 2.5 kg ; hen : 2 kg.
    Addresses :
  • Bresse-Gauloise Club, Denis Thomassin , Les Mirabelliers, rue Saint Germain, 54115 Battigny, France.
  • Gauloise Dorée Club de France, Nicolas Vermeulen, 14190 Saint Germain le Vasson, France.


      Géline de Touraine :
    black.
    Native of Touraine, it is a hardy and lively farm fowl with compact, white, very delicate and fine meat. The ample and long fine-boned type should be sought.
    Cock : 3 to 3.5 kg ; hen : 2.5 to 3 kg.
    Addresses :
  • Groupe informel des amis de la Géline de Touraine, Choisel Jean-Louis, 36 rue Bel-Air, 37320 St Branchs, France.
  • Union des amateurs de la Géline de Touraine, Yves VERVIALLE, 7 Logny, 37460 GENILLE. Tél : 02 47 92 80 74 Courriel : vervialle.yves@orange.fr, France.
  • http://www.indre-et-loire.chambagri.fr
    http://www.multimania.com/beuillotte1/
    http://beuillotte.ifrance.com/

      Gournay :
    black mottled.
    Origin :
    Gournay en Bray, Normandy. It is an elegant farm fowl with rounded outline and tight plumage.
    Cock : minimum 2.5 kg ; hen : minimum 2 kg.
    Addresses :
  • C E P B C N = Conservatoire pour l'Elevage et la Préservation de la Basse Cour Normande
    Jean Marie DE LAUNAY - normandy@club-internet.fr
  • Conservatoire des races normandes et du Maine, Le Maître Pierre, route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay.

      Hergnies :
    « grey ».
    Origin : department of North.
    A dual-purpose fowl on account of laying and meat. Early development, lively and hardy. Unusual plumage colors and patterns.
    Cock : 2.5 to 3 kg ; hen : 2 to 2.5 kg.
    Addresses :
  • Conservatoire des races du Nord et de Picardie, Bernard Dupas , 6 allée des Roses, 59400 Awoingt, France.
  • Bourbourg-Hergnies club de France, Edmond CHRASTEK, 70 avenue de la Libération, 62940 HAILLICOURT, France.
  • http://perso.orange.fr/la-basse-cour-du-nord

      Houdan :
    black mottled with white, white, black, pearl grey.
    Originating from Houdan and the surrounding area, this breed was famous at the beginning of the 20^th century for its meat, providing in particular the famous fatted hen of Houdan. It is currently undergoing a remarkable comeback in its region as a high quality meat bird.
    Rooster : 3 kg ; hen : 2.5 kg. Also available in bantam. Very old breed (17th century), selected from crested Polish fowl and chickens indigenous to the Houdan region (Yvelines). It is a good sized fowl with a wide, long, cylindrical yet elegant body. One should select for birds with a large frame, and avoid hypertrophied crests. Attracts attention with its peculiar comb, fifth toe and decorative head feathering (crest and beard).
    Address : HFCF, Wolff Aurélien, 28 rue de la Croisette, 54720 Chénières, France.


      Janzé :
    black.
    Bears the name of the city of Janzé in Ille-et-Villaine. Cock : 2.5 kg ; hen : 2 kg. An elegant fowl with well-proportioned shapes, haughty and lively. Of medium size, it seems to be lighter on account of its extremely tight plumage. Very fine, stiff and light-boned structure.
    Address :
    ANEVRB, Patrice Silvère, Les Couettes, 35310 Cintré, France.


      Javanaise :
    gold-salmon, silver-salmon.
    Cock : 1200 g ; hen : 850 g






      La Flèche :
    black, white, cuckoo, laced blue, pearl grey.
    A very old French breed known to have existed since the 15th century. Its origins can be traced to the town of La Flèche in the Sarthe. Its reputation comes from the excellence of its meat : the capons and fatted chickens of La Flèche were famous in the past. This breed has not yet recovered its former luster. A big fowl, proud, looks distinguished. It is lively and a good egg layer with specific head ornaments. It is necessary to select the more vigorous birds.
    Cock : minimum 3.5 kg ; hen : minimum 3 kg.
    It also exists in bantam.
    Address :
  • La Flèche Club, Charles DESMET, avenue Gaston Mertens, 20 - 1440 WAUTHIER-BRAINE. Belgique. Tél : 32 23 66 92 65. <
    la.fleche.club@tele2allin.be


      Landaise :
    black, grey.
    Origin :
    Region of Landes and some areas of Gascony. Elegant and long in building, rather fine- boned. A good forager, it thrives well in the open. Good egg layer.
    Cock : 2,5 to 3 kg ; hen : 1,8 to 2,3 kg.
    Adress : Association nationale de la poule landaise, chez Régis Ventribout, Ferme de Coulim, 33430 Le Nizan. regis.ventribout@free.fr



      Le Mans :
    black.
    Origin: department of the Sarthe, in the neighbourhood of the city of Le Mans.
    Good sized fowl (Cock : 3 to 3.5 kg ; hen : 2.5 to 3 kg), long, wide ; less corpulent than the "La Flèche" but elegant.
    Addresses :
  • La Flèche Club, Charles DESMET, avenue Gaston Mertens, 20 - 1440 WAUTHIER-BRAINE. Belgique. Tél : 32 23 66 92 65.
    la.fleche.club@tele2allin.be
  • Conservatoire des races de Normandie et du Maine, Le Maître Pierre, route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France.


  •   Le Merlerault :
    black.
    Farm fowl of Normandy,of good size and stocky. One should look for moderate crested birds without any beard and provided with a horned comb with no ramification. Good laying hen, seldom broods.
    Cock : minimum 3 kg ; hen : minimum 2.5 kg.
    It also exists in bantam (created by J.C. Périquet).
    Addresses :
  • C E P B C N = Conservatoire pour l'Elevage et la Préservation de la Basse Cour Normande
    Jean Marie DE LAUNAY - normandy@club-internet.fr
  • Conservatoire des races normandes et du Maine, Pierre Le Maître , route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France.

     
    Limousine :
    Fishing Cock of the Limousin :
    blue, black.
    It traces its origins to an old farming breed of the granitic regions of the Limousin, particularly in High Corrèze (at moderate altitude and under brisk climatic conditions). Its standard has only recently been set and recorded. Medium sized fowl, fine-boned, very hardy. A good layer and brooder, but especially sought after because of the plumage of the cock the blue variety of which lends itself to the manufacture of fishing lures. The feathers to harvest are neck hackles, shovels (back and wings) and saddle hackles : they should be solid but flexible and as little downy as possible with free and stiff beards. Ensure that the original characteristics and particular qualities of the type are preserved.
    Cock : 2.5 to 3 kg ; hen : 2 kg. It also exists also in bantam.
    Address : Club de la Limousine, Gérard Roumilhac, Le Bourg, 87340 Saint Laurent les Eglises, France.


      Lyonnaise :
    black.
    Origin : region of Lyons ; creator : Etienne Tamburini. Poultry with plumage curled on the back, on the wings and on the breast with a small crest on the head. Very original race providing excellent and fine meat. It belongs to the middle races (Cock 2.5 kg ; hen : 1.5 kg), while being approximately of the same size as Hamburg and Bresse ; fine skeleton.
    It also exists in bantam.

      Mantes :
    black mottled.
    An old French race resulting from crossbreeding between Houdan and Brahma. That race disappeared for fifty years, but was recreated on the spot in Mantes-la-Jolie by Alex Wiltzer.
    Cock : 2.5 to 3.5 kg ; hen : 2 to 2.5 kg.
    Poultry of good-middled size. Wide, long, cylindrical but elegant body.
    Address : Houdan-Faverolles Club de France, Wolff Aurélien, 28 rue de la Croisette, 54720 Chénières, France.

      Marans :
    copper black, silver cuckoo, golden cuckoo, wheaten, white, white with black bars, tawny with black tail.
    Tracing its origins from the town of Marans, near the Atlantic ocean, this breed is the result of cross breeding with fowls brought back by sailors who had stopped over in that town. The Marans is probably the pure French breed most frequently found among private poultry keepers. This success is due to the quality of its eggs , in particular to its noticeable extra-red colour. Cock : 3.5 to 4 kg ; hen : 2.6 to 3.2 kg. ; cockerel 3 to 3.5 kg, pullet 2.2 to 2.6 kg. It also exists in Bantam. A good-sized fowl, of medium height. It gives an impression of robust hardiness and of lightness of movement. Its plumage is close to body. Selected for production of large and extra red eggs.
    Address :
  • Marans Club de France, Ernest Sorin, ferme de Mont Génie, 87520 Oradour-sur-Glane, France. earl.montgenie@laposte.net

      Meusienne :
    dark salmon. Page exclusively devoted to this breed : please click here
    Address :
    Club de la volaille Meusienne, Jean-Claude Périquet, 3 hameau de Pierreville, 55400 Gincrey, France.


      Noire du Berry :
    black.
    Origin :
    Origin : region of Berry, old province formed by the departments of the Indre and Cher. This fowl is used for a dual-purpose : its early laying and its fine tasty meat.
    Cock : 3 kg ; hen : 2.3 kg.
    Addresses :
  • Etienne Grosset , Tilloux, 36500 Saint Lactencin, France.
  • Alain Pradine , La Piffourne, 89240 Chevannes, France.

      Noire de Challans :
    black.
    Origin
    : region of Challans, Marchecoul, Beauvoir sur Mer, the Swamp of Bouin in Vendée. A medium sized fowl (Cock : 3 to 3.5 kg ; hen : 2 to 2.5 kg), but powerful, sturdy and jaunty without any heaviness. It has a little close to the ground ; its plumage is without fluff.
    Address : Club national des races avicoles vendéennes
    Joseph Pineau, Les Etangs, 44150 Saint Herblon

      Pavilly :
    black.
    Origin :
    The Yvetot area of Normandy. The village of Pavilly was the site of a sizeable poultry market which supplied the town of Rouen. The Pavilly is a utility fowl whgich is lively and hardy. Main characteristics : small crest, simple white ear-lobes.
    Cock : minimum 3 kg ; hen : minimum 2.5 kg.
    It also exists in bantam (created by J.C. Périquet and approved in 2001).
    Addresses :
  • C E P B C N = Conservatoire pour l'Elevage et la Préservation de la Basse Cour Normande
    Jean Marie DE LAUNAY - normandy@club-internet.fr
  • Conservatoire des races normandes et du Maine, Pierre Le Maître, route de Campigny, 14490 Le Tronquay, France.

      Pictave :
    salmon-gold
    As suggested by its name, the Pictave is from Poitou. At first, it was selected for the purpose of brooding and rearing young pheasants. Relatively close to the ground, with a long and plentiful neck hackle, well developed tail. Only original French bantam, it doesn't have any equivalent in large size.
    Cock : 800 g ; hen : 600 g.
    Address : Bantam Club Français, Patrick QUILLET, 2 rue de la fontaine de Jallanges, 37210 Vernou sur Brenne, France.


    All these excerpts are quoted from the Books about the Farm Yard
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